MaterialVariant

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Using MaterialVariant objects can expand the variety of materials in an experience. MaterialVariant has properties that can define the appearance of a material. Its name can be set in MaterialService to globally override a built-in material, or set in BasePart.MaterialVariant property to change certain Parts. Now it only work as a descendant of MaterialService.

Summary

Properties

Category Material this variant belongs to.

Determines the color of the surface.

Determines texture tiling method.

Determines which parts of the surface are metal and are non-metal.

Modifies the lighting of the surface by adding bumps, dents, cracks, and curves without adding more polygons.

Determines the apparent roughness across the surface.

Determines the scale of textures.

Events

Methods

Properties

BaseMaterial

Category Material this variant belongs to.

ColorMap

This property determines the color of the surface. This texture is sometimes called the albedo texture. The alpha channel is not used.

CustomPhysicalProperties

MaterialPattern

Determines texture tiling method.

MetalnessMap

This property determines which parts of the surface are metal and are non-metal. A metalness map is a grayscale image where black pixels correspond to non-metals and white pixels correspond to metals.

Metals only reflect light the same color as the metal, and they reflect much more light than non-metals. Most materials in the real world can be categorized either metals or non-metals. For this reason, most pixels in a metalness map will be either pure black or pure white. Values in between are typically used to simulate dirt or grunge on top of an underlying metal area.

Here's an example of a piece of metal with a layer of paint on top. Most paints are non-metallic, so the metalness map is black everywhere except on unpainted metal parts and spots where the paint has chipped away and the underlying metal is visible.

Metalness jetpack

Map explanation

When Lighting.EnvironmentSpecularScale is 0, metalness has no effect. For the most realistic reflections, setting EnvironmentSpecularScale and Lighting.EnvironmentDiffuseScale to 1, and Lighting.Ambient and Lighting.OutdoorAmbient to (0,0,0) is recommended.

NormalMap

This property modifies the lighting of the surface by adding bumps, dents, cracks, and curves without adding more polygons.

Normal maps are RGB images that modify the surface's normal vector used for lighting calculations. The R, G, and B channels of the NormalMap correspond to the X, Y, and Z components of the local surface vector respectively, and byte values of 0 and 255 for each channel correspond linearly to normal vector components of -1 and 1.016 respectively. This range is stretched slightly from -1 to 1 so that a byte value of 127 maps to exactly 0. The normal vector's Z axis is always defined as the direction of the underlying mesh's normal. A uniform (127,127,255) image translates to a completely flat normal map where the normal is everywhere perpendicular to the mesh surface. This format is called "tangent space" normal maps. Roblox does not support world space or object space normal maps.

Incorrectly flipped normal components can make bumps appear like indents. If you import a normal map and notice the lighting looks off, you may need to invert the G channel of the image. The X and Y axes of the tangent space frame correspond to the X and Y directions in the image after it's transformed by the mesh UVs. If you view your normal map in an image editor as if it were displayed on a surface, normals pointing towards the right side of the screen should appear more red, and normals pointing towards the top side of your screen should appear more green.

Bread normal map

The terms "DirectX format" and "OpenGL format" are sometimes used to describe whether the G channel of the normal map is inverted or not. Roblox expects the OpenGL format.

Roblox expects imported meshes to include tangents. Modeling software may also refer to this as "tangent space" information. If you apply a normal map and it does not seem to make any visual difference, you may need to re-export your mesh along with its tangent information from modeling software.

RoughnessMap

This property determines the apparent roughness across the surface. A roughness map is a grayscale image where black pixels correspond to a maximally smooth surface, and white pixels correspond to a maximally rough surface.

Roughness refers to how much variation the surface has on a very small scale. Reflections on smooth surfaces are sharp and concentrated. Reflections on rough surfaces are more blurry and dispersed.

StudsPerTile

Determines the scale of textures. Larger values for this property will lead to the textures appearing larger, and repeating less frequently.

Events

Methods