Engine

DataStoreService

Show Deprecated
not creatable
service
not replicated

DataStoreService exposes methods for getting GlobalDataStore and OrderedDataStore objects. Data stores can only be accessed by game servers, so you can only use DataStoreService within a Script or a ModuleScript that is used by a Script.

See Data Stores for an in-depth guide on data structure, management, error handling, etc.

Code Samples

DataStore Budget

local DataStoreService = game:GetService("DataStoreService")
for _, enumItem in pairs(Enum.DataStoreRequestType:GetEnumItems()) do
print(enumItem.Name, DataStoreService:GetRequestBudgetForRequestType(enumItem))
end

Summary

Properties

  • not replicated
    read parallel

    Sets whether data store functions should automatically retry or not. DataStoreService does not respect this property because automatic retry has been disabled due to technical reasons. Therefore, you must implement systems for retrying operations yourself.

Methods

Properties

AutomaticRetry

not replicated
read parallel

Sets whether data store functions should automatically retry or not.

DataStoreService does not respect this property because automatic retry has been disabled due to technical reasons. Therefore, you must implement systems for retrying operations yourself. It is possible that automatic retry will be enabled again in the future.

Methods

GetDataStore

This function creates a DataStore instance with the provided name and scope. Subsequent calls to this method with the same name/scope will return the same object.

Using the scope parameter will restrict operations to that scope by automatically prepending the scope to keys in all operations done on the data store. This function also accepts an optional DataStoreOptions instance which includes options for enabling AllScopes. See Data Stores for details on scope.

Parameters

name: string

Name of the data store.

scope: string

(Optional) A string specifying the scope.

Default Value: "global"
options: Instance

(Optional) A DataStoreOptions instance to enable experimental features and v2 API features.

Default Value: "nil"

Returns

A DataStore instance with provided name and optional scope.

GetGlobalDataStore

This function returns the default GlobalDataStore. If you want to access a specific named data store instead, you should use the GetDataStore() function.


Returns

Code Samples

Get GlobalDataStore Instance

local DataStoreService = game:GetService("DataStoreService")
local GlobalDataStore = DataStoreService:GetGlobalDataStore()
print(GlobalDataStore.Name)

GetOrderedDataStore

This method returns an OrderedDataStore, similar to the way GetDataStore() does with GlobalDataStores. Subsequent calls to this method with the same name/scope will return the same object.

Parameters

name: string
scope: string
Default Value: "global"

Returns

Code Samples

OrderedDataStore Basics

local DataStoreService = game:GetService("DataStoreService")
local pointsStore = DataStoreService:GetOrderedDataStore("Points")
local function printTopTenPlayers()
local isAscending = false
local pageSize = 10
local pages = pointsStore:GetSortedAsync(isAscending, pageSize)
local topTen = pages:GetCurrentPage()
-- The data in 'topTen' is stored with the index being the index on the page
-- For each item, 'data.key' is the key in the OrderedDataStore and 'data.value' is the value
for rank, data in ipairs(topTen) do
local name = data.key
local points = data.value
print(name .. " is ranked #" .. rank .. " with " .. points .. "points")
end
-- Potentially load the next page...
--pages:AdvanceToNextPageAsync()
end
-- Create some data
pointsStore:SetAsync("Alex", 55)
pointsStore:SetAsync("Charley", 32)
pointsStore:SetAsync("Sydney", 68)
-- Display the top ten players
printTopTenPlayers()

GetRequestBudgetForRequestType

This function returns the number of data store requests that the current place can make based on the given Enum.DataStoreRequestType. Any requests made that exceed this budget are subject to throttling. Monitoring and adjusting the frequency of data store requests using this function is recommended.

Parameters


Returns

Code Samples

Print Request Budget

local DataStoreService = game:GetService("DataStoreService")
local globalStore = DataStoreService:GetGlobalDataStore()
local function printBudget()
local budget = DataStoreService:GetRequestBudgetForRequestType(Enum.DataStoreRequestType.SetIncrementAsync)
print("Current set/increment budget:", budget)
end
for i = 1, 5 do
local key = "key" .. i
local success, err = pcall(function()
globalStore:SetAsync(key, true)
end)
if success then
printBudget()
else
print(err)
end
end

ListDataStoresAsync

yields

Returns a DataStoreListingPages object for enumerating through all of the experience's data stores. It accepts an optional prefix parameter to only locate data stores whose names start with the provided prefix.

Only data stores containing at least one object will be listed via this function.

Parameters

prefix: string

(Optional) Prefix to enumerate data stores that start with the given prefix.

Default Value: ""
pageSize: number

(Optional) Number of items to be returned in each page. By default is 32.

Default Value: 0
cursor: string

(Optional) Cursor to continue iteration.

Default Value: ""

Returns

DataStoreListingPages instance containing DataStoreInfo instances that provide details such as name, creation time, and time last updated.

Events